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Canada is a country in North America consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean, and northward into the Arctic Ocean. See the fact file below for more information on Canada or alternatively download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
- Capital: Ottawa
- Population: 35,151,728 people
- Total area: 9.9 million sq. km
- Became a country: July 1st, 1867
- Borders: The United States
- Official languages: English and French
- Government: Federal parliamentary
- Currency: Canadian dollar (CAD)
- In 1982, Canada took over the power to amend their constitution from the United Kingdom. This was done through the Constitution Act of 1982. This severed the final remaining ties that Canada had on British Parliament, and gave Canada full sovereignty.
- Queen Elizabeth II is the head of state in Canada.
- Canada is a bilingual country at the federal level, and is one of the most ethnically diverse nations in the world.
- Canada is home to many natural resources and excellent trade partnerships with many countries.
- Canada is a developed nation and ranks among the highest in international measurements of quality of life, education, civil liberties, and economic freedom.
- Canada is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the United Nations, NATO, the G7, the G20, NAFTA, among many others.
- Not all of Canada’s provinces joined the Dominion of Canada at the same time.
- The Name Canada comes from the word “kanata” which means “settlement” or “village” in the indigenous St Lawrence Iroquoian language.
History Of Canada:
- The first inhabitants of North America traveled from SIberia across the Bering land bridge at least 15,000 years ago, which connected present-day Alaska with SIberia and northeast Asia.
- Indigenous peoples living in Canada today include the Inuit, First Nations, and Metis.
- Before Europeans colonized and settled, the Indigenous peoples had established permanent settlements, some of which collapsed by the 15th century when European explorers began arriving.
- There were between 200,000 and 2 million Indigenous people living in Canada when the first European settlements were established.
- John Cabot explored and claimed the Atlantic coast of Canada for King Henry VII of England in 1497, followed by Jacques Cartier, who explored the Gulf of Saint Lawrence in 1534, and claimed the territory of New France in the name of King Francis I.
- Indigenous people suffered greatly at the hands of Europeans, who brought infectious diseases, conflicts, and harsh cultural assimilation.
- By 1603, explorer Samuel de Champlain established the first permanent European settlers at Port Royal in 1605, and in Quebec City in 1608. Champlain created alliances with
some Indigenous tribes.
- Indigenous people were a huge help to Europeans, as they showed them how to survive the harsh winters, how to trap fur (which would later be beneficial during the fur trade), and how to heal using natural resources.
- For several years there was tension between English and French settlers, and with American colonies over borders and land claims.
- The Act of Union in 1840 merged the Canadas into a united Province of Canada, and an established government was brought in with the British North America Act of 1849, and in 1867, Canada became a confederate country.
- The final province to become part
of Canada was Newfoundland in 1949.
- Canada fought in World War I and World War II, fighting alongside Great Britain and their allies.
Geography & The Trade Of Canada
- Most people in Canada live in major cities such as Toronto, Vancouver, Montreal, and Calgary.
- The weather in Canada changes from region to region. Canada generally experiences cold winters and hot summers.
- On the west coast lie the Rocky Mountains, and in the Province of Ontario are 5 freshwater lakes called the Great Lakes.
- Canada is geologically active and has many earthquakes and active volcanoes. It is also home to Niagara Falls.
- Canada is rich in natural resources like zinc, nickel, lead, and gold.
Culture Of Canada:
- Lacrosse is Canada’s national sport, but the most popular sport is hockey. Golf, tennis, skiing, cycling, and canoeing are also popular.
- There are many symbols of Canada, including the beaver, maple leaf, moose, loon, and many more.
- Canada has no official church, and encompasses many religions.
- Canada is multicultural and a liberal country, generally speaking.
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use CanadaWorksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about Canada which is a country in North America consisting of ten provinces and three territories.
Download includes the following worksheets
- Canada Facts.
- Symbols of Canada.
- Canadian Weather Chart.
- Canada Wordsearch.
- Famous Canadians.
- The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
- Canadian Culture Collage.
- Canada Crossword.
- Design a Trading Card.
- Biography of Sir John A MacDonald.
- Holiday to Canada..
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Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.